Bloom’s Taxonomy is a classification of learning objectives within education. It refers to a classification of the different objectives that educators set for students (learning objectives).
It’s about planning, not the plan (plans are just mental models, ideas, words)
Ideas are nothing without execution
The Problem with Education
There are only two things wrong with the education system: what we teach, and how we teach it (Roger Schank)
Top-down approach (Theory -> Practice)
1) Knowledge (remember) – Operational terms are units of discussion
Exhibit memory of previously-learned materials by recalling facts, terms, basic concepts and answers
* Knowledge of specifics – terminology, specific facts
* Knowledge of ways and means of dealing with specifics – conventions, trends and sequences, classifications and categories, criteria, methodology
* Knowledge of the universals and abstractions in a field – principles and generalizations, theories and structures
Questions like: What are the health benefits of eating apples?
2) Comprehension (understand)
Demonstrative understanding of facts and ideas by organizing, comparing, translating, interpreting, giving descriptions, and stating main ideas
Questions like: Compare the health benefits of eating apples vs. oranges.
3) Application (practice) – just do it
Using new knowledge. Solve problems to new situations by applying acquired knowledge, facts, techniques and rules in a different way
Questions like: Which kinds of apples are best for baking a pie, and why?
4) Insight (analysis/synthesis/evaluation)
Examine and break information into parts by identifying motives or causes. Make inferences and find evidence to support generalizations
* Analysis of elements
* Analysis of relationships
* Analysis of organizational principles
Questions like: List four ways of serving foods made with apples and explain which ones have the highest health benefits. Provide references to support your statements.
Compile information together in a different way by combining elements in a new pattern or proposing alternative solutions
* Production of a unique communication
* Production of a plan, or proposed set of operations
* Derivation of a set of abstract relations
Questions like: Convert an “unhealthy” recipe for apple pie to a “healthy” recipe by replacing your choice of ingredients. Explain the health benefits of using the ingredients you chose vs. the original ones.
Present and defend opinions by making judgments about information, validity of ideas or quality of work based on a set of criteria
* Judgments in terms of internal evidence
* Judgments in terms of external criteria
Questions like: Do you feel that serving apple pie for an after school snack for children is healthy? Why or why not?
Bottom-up approach (Practice -> Theory)
1) Insight – based on experience, street-smarts or whatnot
2) Application – just do it
3) Comprehension – understand
4) Knowledge – derive the theory